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Internet Of Space RoundTable

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  • A number of companies from across world plan to build networks of several thousand satellites each to enable access to the Internet from any point on Earth. These satellites will be stationed in low Earth orbit.

  • If these plans are put into practice, the global Internet infrastructure will acquire a whole new dimension. This would have far-reaching consequences for Internet access, the security and resilience of Internet infrastructure, and power relations in global Internet governance.

  • The home countries of the leading companies – above all the US, followed by China – would have extensive potential for political influence. They would be able to control, at the level of the Internet’s global infrastructure, the worldwide flows of information.

  • Hence the need to develop global oligopolies, the other a form of politically regulated global competition.

  • Global political decision-makers should use regulations and public funding to work towards a future Internet infrastructure that is secure and reliable. The basis for this is the redundancy and diversity of the underlying technology. To this end, the new satellite constellations can be an important part of an appropriate mix of technologies.

  • It would be both politically and economically desirable for every country to build its own constellation.

Shaping the future of Information and Communication in Space.

  • The Internet of Things (IoT) is arguably one of the most exciting and revolutionary technological developments of the internet age. It is generally agreed that the IoT is a network of cyber-physical devices comprising embedded electronics, sensors/actuators, software and network connectivity, enabling such devices to collect and exchange data over the internet. Current estimates are that there will be more than 25B IoT devices (some estimates call for more than 50B devices) deployed by 2020.
  • The current IoT leverages existing wired and wireless network infrastructures for communications and control. However, as IoT devices continue to proliferate in parallel with higher data rate communications and data services, these existing networks will become increasingly stressed and congested, particularly in remote and underserved regions of the world. Consequently, there has been a renaissance in interest and investment in space – and suborbital-based high-data-rate communications networks – the internet of space. These networks will have global impact on humanity by delivering high bandwidth information to every part of the world. The figure below shows a conceptual European communications ecosystem leveraging a satellite backbone in parallel with the existing wireline infrastructure.

Communication

  • Cellular Networks
  • Sensing and Sensor Networks
  • Geographic information systems
  • Cloud Networking
  • Signal processing
  • Virtualization
  • Machine to Machine (M2M)
  • Cognitive Radio
  • Body Area Networks
  • Satellite and Optical Communication

    Data Science

    • Data Mining
    • Big Data
    • Statistical Analysis
    • Decision Trees
    • Deep Learning
    • Machine Learning
    • Semantic Web
    • Web Services and analytics
    • Clustering and classification
    • Fuzzy Logic

      Ambient Intelligence

      • Internet of Things
      • Intelligent Agents
      • Smart Grids
      • Smart Cities
      • Agents and Multi-agent Systems
      • Assistive Technologies
      • Affective computing
      • Intelligent transportation
      • Context-aware pervasive systems
      • Emergency and safety systems

      Networking

      • Mobile Adhoc Networks
      • Open Spectrum Solutions
      • Software defined networking
      • Network mobility management
      • Routing Protocols
      • Antennas and propagation
      • MIMO advances
      • Game Theory
      • QoS and Scheduling
      - Vehicular Networks

        Computing

        • Cloud Computing
        • Quantum Computing
        • Grid Computing
        • High Performance Computing
        • Parallel Computing
        • Distributed Computing
        • Human-centric Computing
        • Ubiquitous Computing
        • Bioinformatics and Bio-Inspired Computing
        • Social Computing

          Security and Privacy

          • Mobile and Wireless Security
          • Biometric security
          • Intrusion Detection
          • Database security
          • Cryptography
          • Access control
          • Denial of service protection
          • Information hiding
          • Monitoring and surveillance
          • Privacy and data protection

          Internet Of Space Telecom Applications

          • Satellite communication will play a significant role in 5G and beyond as a complementary solution for ubiquitous coverage, broadcast/multicast provision, aeronautical & maritime communications, emergency/disaster recovery, and remote rural area coverage.  
          • There are several use cases where standard terrestrial coverage is either not present or possible, making satellite systems uniquely positioned to provide a solution to bridge this gap.  By 2025 there will be more than 100 High Throughput Satellite (HTS) systems using Geostationary (GEO) orbits but also mega-constellations of Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellites, delivering Terabit per second (Tbps) of capacity across the world.
          • New cost-effective system architectures as Starlink (SpaceX), LightSpeed (Telesat), Oneweb, O3B (SES) systems should be considered as a major impact in the 5G infrastructure. Beside these ones during the 1Q21 Lockheed Martin’s space division announced a strategic interest agreement with satellite start-up Omnispace “to explore  jointly developing 5G capability from space.” 
          • 5G wireless technology promises to deliver performance upgrades across the entire telecommunications industry. The purpose of the 5G network is to deliver faster speed and sustain a highly concentrated number of devices. This new infrastructure will transform the entire telecom industry.
          • The current 5G implementation process is ongoing, but in its early stages. Major mobile carriers already are rolling out the 5G network, although there will be a gradual transition from the 4G LTE. With the early stages of implementation of 5G beginning in 2019 and 2020, there will be several opportunities for transformation over the next decade.
          • Another goal of 5G is to support the expansion of devices comprising the Internet of Things (IoT)more devices will be able to transmit data without causing performance issues.
          • Driverless cars and autonomous vehicles are a related technological category that stand to benefit from 5G, as the demand for an interconnected transportation system rises. Maintaining fast software downloads such as GPS mapping routes will be critical for a system of connected cars.
          • Deep 5G impact is forecasted in the satellite ecosystem with close to 10 million active units by 2029. Beyond the obvious use cases, like Cellular Backhaul and Trunking, a wide spectrum of applications will experience accelerated demand from 5G, including IoT, Private 5G for Corporate Networks, Mobility or even more conservative users like Gov/Mil.
          • “While 5G use cases generate a lot of hype, one must not underestimate the transformative power of 5G in how satellite networks are designed,. “Incorporating and standardizing technologies like SDN/NFV or Cloud, 5G Network Management System will be at the core of how future satellite networks are built, offering the scale and flexibility to optimally operate future VHTS, constellations and software defined satellites under standardized service orchestration.”

          Internet Of Space IOT Applications

          • An NSR report released last month estimates the Machine to Machine (M2M) and Internet of Things (IoT) via satellite market to reach US $12.4 Billion from 2019-2029 with small satellites driving growth.
          • Lower price points will unleash unaddressed use cases. Higher volumes will likewise lead to higher ARPUs, changing the overall demand dynamics of numerous verticals. That is not to say that MSS and VSAT offerings will lose their competitive edge or role in the marketplace. On the contrary, these longstanding platforms will continue to play an enduring role in the IoT growth story.
          • Key growth verticals to watch include
            • Agriculture and Construction will see the strongest increases.
            • The more traditional vertical segments, notably Transportation & Cargo, along with Energy and Maritime, provide a solid revenue base.
            • Not everything is rosy, however. Apart from the challenges posed by COVID-19, funding for small satellite programs, maturing regional or country markets, regulatory challenges, and other macroeconomic factors can all inhibit market growth.
            • One thing remains certain, IoT is an integral part of enterprise networks and consumer needs, requiring satellite’s ubiquity, instant infrastructure, and network simplicity advantages as part of its core.
            • In a survey amongst 20 new companies planning to launch small satellite constellation focus in IoT,  two key characteristics among all the players are seen as low cost data collection terminals and low-cost bandwidth.

          Internet of Space Things

          Figures 1 - System architecture overview

          To shed light on the Internet Of Space, SFO invites major  companies to participate in the Internet Of Space roundtable. 

          For Registrations : 

          • If you are a participant, please REGISTER HERE
          • If you are an expert, please submit a brief REGISTER HERE and someone from our side shall contact you. 
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